View logged in users using the WHO command in Linux

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The who command without any options can be used to view the users that are logged in. The w and last commands are similar to the w command. In this example, there are two users logged in, root and john.doe. The second column shows the virtual console being used. In this example, john.doe is using /dev/pts/0 and root is using /dev/pts/1. The who command will include the date and time that the user logged into the system.

[root@server1 ~]# who
john.doe pts/0    2017-01-09  13:00 (:0)
root     pts/1    2017-01-09  12:54 (example.com)

 

The -s or --short option is exactly the same as the who command with no options.

[root@server1 ~]# who -s
john.doe pts/0    2017-01-09  13:00 (:0)
root     pts/1    2017-01-09  12:54 (example.com)

 


Header

The -H or --heading option adds a heading.

[root@server1 ~]# who
NAME  LINE     TIME                            COMMENT
john.doe pts/0    2017-01-09  13:00 (:0)
root     pts/1    2017-01-09  12:54 (example.com)

 


Add additional information

The -a or --all options can be used to add extra detail to the output. It can be helpful to include the -H option, so that you know what each new column is.

[root@server1 ~]# who -aH
NAME  LINE     TIME        IDLE   PID    COMMENT  EXIT
john.doe pts/0    2017-01-09  13:00         2891     (:0)
root     pts/1    2017-01-09  12:54  12462           (example.com)

 


Count the number of signed in users

The -q or --count option can be used to display the number of signed in users.

[root@server1 ~]# who -q
# users=2

 


Last boot

The -b or --boot option can be used to display the date and time the system was booted.

[root@server1 ~]# who -b
system boot 2017-04-14 17:48

 


Runlevel

The -r or --runlevel option can be used to display the current system runlevel.

[root@server1 ~]# who -r
run-level 3 2017-04-14 17:49

 



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