Perl (Scripting) - foreach loops

A foreach loop can be used to loop through a loop through an array. For example, let's say there is an array of fruit.

my @fruits = qw(apple banana orange grapes);


In this example, a foreach loop prints each piece of fruit in the array.


use strict;
use warnings;

my @fruits = qw(apple banana orange grapes);

foreach my $fruit (@fruits) {
    print "$fruit ";


Running the script will produce the following output.

apple banana orange grapes


Loop through hash

Let's say you have the following hash of key value pairs.

%food = ('fruit',banana,'vegetable',onion,'grain',bread);


The following foreach loop will print the keys.

foreach my $key (keys %food) {
    print $key;


This will print the keys.



The following foreach loop with print the values.

foreach my $value (values %food) {
    print $value;


This will print the values.



Or like this, to loop through both the keys and the values.

foreach my $key (keys %food) {
  foreach my $value ($hash{$key}) {
    print "$key -> $value\n";


Will print the following.

fruit -> banana
vegetable -> onion
grain -> bread


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