If you are not familiar with wsadmin.sh (Linux) / wsadmin.bat (Windows), check out our Getting Started article.
By default, the wsadmin.properties file is configured to use SOAP, like this.
Additionally, wsadmin.properties defines the SOAP port that will be used, which is 8879 by default.
You can use the -conntype option to spectify the type of connection you would like to make, like this:
wsadmin.sh -conntype NONE wsadmin.sh -conntype SOAP wsadmin.sh -conntype RMI wsadmin.sh -conntype IPC wsadmin.sh -conntype JSR160RMI
-conntype NONE is used to run in local mode, which means that wsadmin does not connect to any server processes. In this way, wsadmin can be used even if a server is not running. This is useful if you want to, say, install software on a server that is not running.