FreeKB - Perl Hash Array (determine if hash array defined)
Perl - Hash Array (determine if hash array defined)

In this example, employees_key is an empty array, as indicated by the [ ] characters.

my %hash = ( 'employees_key' => [] );


Or like this.

my %hash;
push @{$hash{employees_key}};


Dumper can be used to display the structure.

use Data::Dumper;
print Dumper \%hash;


Which will display the data structure.

$VAR1 = {
          'employees_key' => []


The following if statement will return "%hash is defined". This shows that a hash becomes defined once the hash contains a key.

if (%hash) {
  print "\%hash is defined\n";


Let's say you append a key value pair to the array.

push @{$hash{employees_key}}, { 'name_key' => 'John Doe' };


Now, employees_key contains a key value pair.

$VAR1 = {
          'employees_key' => [ 
                           'name_key' => 'John Doe'


The following will return $hash{employees_key} is not empty because employees_key contains a key or value.

foreach my $employees_key (@{$hash{employees_key}}) {
  if ($employees_key) {
    print "\$hash{employees_key} is not empty \n";



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