Bootstrap FreeKB - Samba (File Server) - Add user to Samba backend using the smbpasswd command
Samba (File Server) - Add user to Samba backend using the smbpasswd command

Updated:   |  Samba (File Server) articles

Before you can add a Samba user, the user account needs to exist. On a Linux system, the useradd command can be used to create the user account.

useradd -p itsasecret -d /home/john.doe -s /bin/bash john.doe

 

Then the smbpasswd -a command can be used to create the Samba user.

~]# smbpasswd -a john.doe
New SMB password:
Retype new SMB password:
Added user john.doe.

 

Or the following can be done to pass the password in on the command line.

(echo itsasecret; echo itsasecret) | smbpasswd -a -s john.doe

 

If Samba is configured to use the tdbsam backed and you do not have "smb passwd file" defined in your smb.conf file, this will create a file named passdb.tdb at /var/lib/samba/private.

~]# ll /var/lib/samba/private/
drwx------. 2 root root   4096 Oct 17 05:16 msg.sock
-rw-------. 1 root root 421888 Oct 17 05:16 passdb.tdb
-rw-------. 1 root root 430080 Nov 11  2019 secrets.tdb

 

If Samba is configured to use the smbpasswd backed and you do not have "smb passwd file" defined in your smb.conf file, this will create a file named smb.passwd at /var/lib/samba/private.

~]# ll /var/lib/samba/private/
drwx------. 2 root root   4096 Oct 17 05:16 msg.sock
-rw-------. 1 root root 421888 Oct 17 05:16 smb.passwd
-rw-------. 1 root root 430080 Nov 11  2019 secrets.tdb

 

Or, you may want to define the location of the file in your smb.conf file.

smb passwd file = /etc/samba/smb.passwd

 




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