Before importing a .sql file into a mySQL or MariaDB database, you will most likely have used the mysqldump command to create the .sql file.
Before importing a .sql file into a mySQL or MariaDB database, you may want to determine if the file contains CREATE DATABASE IF NOT EXISTS command. If not, you will want to create the database before importing the .sql file.
CREATE DATABASE /*!32312 IF NOT EXISTS*/ `myDatabase` /*!40100 DEFAULT CHARACTER SET latin1 */;
If the database does not exist, and the .sql file contains CREATE DATABASE IF NOT EXISTS, there is no need to include the name of the database on the command line.
mysql -u root -p < foo.sql
If the database does already exist, or the .sql file does not contains CREATE DATABASE IF NOT EXISTS, you will need to include the name of the database on the command line. Be aware that this will append data to the database.
mysql -u root -p databasename < foo.sql
If the file is gzip compressed, use this syntax.
zcat the_file.sql.gz | mysql -u root -p databasename
In this scenario, while the zcat and mysql commands are running, the ps command should return the following.
~]# ps PID TTY TIME CMD 2905 pts/0 00:00:00 su 2910 pts/0 00:00:00 bash 3105 pts/0 00:00:00 zcat 3106 pts/0 00:00:00 mysql 3109 pts/0 00:00:00 ps
To verify that the data was imported, connect to your MySQL or MariaDB, and use the show databases, use database, show tables and select * from tablename commands.