How to install Java on Linux

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There are different types of Java that can be installed, such as Oracle Java and OpenJDK.

 


Oracle Java

Download Oracle Java.

  1. Go to https://www.java.com.
  2. Select Download.
  3. Select See all Java downloads.
  4. Under Linux, select one of the download options, such as RPM or tar.gz.

 

RPM INSTALL

Move the jre-<version>-linux.rpm file to the /tmp folder, and then install the RPM. This will install Java at /usr/bin/java.

~]# rpm -ivh /tmp/jre-<version>-linux.rpm

 

TAR.GZ INSTALL

Create the /usr/lib/jvm directory if it does not already exist.

~]# mkdir /usr/lib/jvm

 

Move the jre-<version>-linux-i586.tar.gz file to the /tmp folder, and then extract the gzip compressed tar archive to the /usr/lib/jvm.

~]# tar -zxf /tmp/jre-<version>-linux-i586.tar.gz -C /usr/lib/jvm

 


OpenJDK install

To install version 8 of OpenJDK on a Debian system:

~]# apt-get install openjdk-8-jre

 

To install version 8 of OpenJDK on a Red Hat system:

~]# yum install java-1.8.0-openjdk

 

This will install Java to /usr/lib/jvm/java-<version>/jre/bin/java. 

It is also noteworthy that there are different types of OpenJDK that can be installed, such as the developer version of OpenJDK, and the debugging version. Typically, you will just install the OpenJDK Runtime Enviroment. However, if you need another version for some reason, the other versions can also easily be installed using yum or apt-get.

~]# yum search 1.7.0-openjdk
=================================================================
java-1.7.0-openjdk.x86_64 : OpenJDK Runtime Environment
java-1.7.0-openjdk-accessibility.x86_64 : OpenJDK accessibility connector
java-1.7.0-openjdk-demo.x86_64 : OpenJDK Demos
java-1.7.0-openjdk-devel.x86_64 : OpenJDK Development Environment
java-1.7.0-openjdk-headless.x86_64 : The OpenJDK runtime environment without audio and video support
java-1.7.0-openjdk-javadoc.noarch : OpenJDK API Documentation
java-1.7.0-openjdk-src.x86_64 : OpenJDK Source Bundle

 

 


JAVA_HOME

The JAVA_HOME variable will need to be set for applications that use Java, such as Tomcat. JAVA_HOME is the path to the Java directory that contains the bin folder. For example, if you installed OpenJDK, JAVA_HOME will be /usr/lib/jvm/java-<version>/jre.

 

Oracle Java

JAVA_HOME="/usr"

 

OpenJDK

JAVA_HOME="/usr/lib/jvm/java-<version>/jre"

 

It is best to set the JAVA_HOME variable is the users .bash_profile file. After setting JAVA_HOME, the java -version command will dispaly the version of Java being used.

~]# java -version
java version "1.8.0_151"
Java(TM) SE Runtime Environment (build 1.8.0_151-b12)
Java HotSpot(TM) 64-Bit Server VM (build 25.151-b12, mixed mode)


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