Bootstrap FreeKB - OpenShift - Deploy an application from a JSON or YAML file
OpenShift - Deploy an application from a JSON or YAML file

Updated:   |  OpenShift articles

An image contains the code used to create a deployment. Then, a deployment can be created from an image, which should then create a replica set (which is the number of pods that should be created), and then the pods should be created.

There are various ways to deploy an app.

When deploying an application using a YAML file that has kind: Deployment, the application will be created as a deployment, not a deployment config. In this scenario, a replica set will be used to create the pods.

 

When deploying an application using a YAML file that has kind: DeploymentConfig (or using oc new-app command with the --as-deployment-config flag), the application will be created as a deployment config, not a deployment config. In this scenario, a replication controller will be used to create the pods.

 

If you are not familiar with the oc command, refer to OpenShift - Getting Started with the oc command.

A  JSON or YAML file that contains key value pairs can be used to create an object, such as a config map, deployment, a project, a pod, a route, a secret, a service, et cetera. These files are known as templates. For example, let's say you have a YAML file named deploymentconfig.yml that contains the following markup.

  • use kind: Deployment to create a Deployment > Replica Set > Pods
  • use kind: DeploymentConfig to create a Deployment Config > Replication Controller > Pods
apiVersion: apps.openshift.io/v1
kind: DeploymentConfig
metadata:
  name: my-app
  namespace: my-project
spec:
  selector:
    app: my-app
  replicas: 3
  template:
    metadata:
      labels:
        app: my-app
    spec:
      containers:
        - name: my-app
          image: >-
            image-registry.openshift-image-registry.svc:5000/openshift/my-app:latest
          ports:
            - containerPort: 8080

 

The oc apply or oc create command with the -f or --filename option can be used to create the deployment using the template JSON or YAML file.

The oc replace command can be used to replace a deployment using a new or updated template JSON or YAML file.

The oc edit command can be used to update a deployments template YAML file.

~]$ oc create --filename deploymentconfig.yml
deploymentconfig.apps/my-app created

 

If kind: Deployment was used, the oc get deployments command can be used to list the deployments. The DESIRED, CURRENT, UP-TO-DATE and AVAILABLE columns represent the number of replicas for the deployment.

~]# oc get deployments --namespace <some namespace>
NAME                DESIRED   CURRENT   UP-TO-DATE   AVAILABLE   AGE
hello-openshift     1         1         1            1           23s

 

If kind: DeploymentConfig was used, the oc get deploymentconfig (or oc get dc) command can be used to list the deployment configs.

~]$ oc get deploymentconfigs
NAME      REVISION   DESIRED   CURRENT   TRIGGERED BY
my-app    1          1         1         config,image(my-app:latest)

 

If kind: Deployment was used, the oc get replicaset (or oc get rs) command can be used to list the replica sets.

~]# oc get replicaset 
NAME                      DESIRED   CURRENT   READY   AGE
my-app-5b9879db6d         1         1         1       205d

 

If kind: DeploymentConfig was used, the oc get replicationcontroller (or oc get rc) command can be used to list the replication controllers.

Replicas is the number of pods that should be created for the deployment.

~]# oc get replicationcontroller
NAME                      DESIRED   CURRENT   READY   AGE
my-app-5b9879db6d         1         1         1       205d

 

The oc get pods command can be used to determine if the pods are up and running.

~]$ oc get pods
NAME             READY   STATUS      RESTARTS   AGE
my-app-rhz7c     1/1     Running     0          23s

 




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