Bootstrap FreeKB - OpenShift - Create CPU Memory Limits
OpenShift - Create CPU Memory Limits

Updated:   |  OpenShift articles

If you are not familiar with the oc command, refer to OpenShift - Getting Started with the oc command.

  • Limits can be used to set the minimum and maxiumum amount of CPU and memory for:
    • a single deployment / deployment config / replica set / replication controller / stateful set / pod
    • all containers / pods in a project
  • Quotas can be used to:
    • set the maximum amount of CPU and memory that can be used in a project
    • set the the maximum number of running resources (e.g. persistent volume claims, pods, replication controllers, routes, secrets, services, et cetera) in a project
  • Cluster Resource Quotas is the same as Quotas except the maximum are associated with:
    • A user
    • One or more projects

You can set both requests and limits.

  • requests = the amount of memory / CPU that is reserved or allocated for the container. If a container exceeds its memory limit, the container will should be terminated.
  • limit = the maximum amount of memory / CPU the container can request. If a container exceeds its memory request, its pod should be evicted if the node the pod is running on runs out of memory.


This will set the combined CPU and memory limits of all of the containers or pods in a project. If you want to limit the CPU and memory for a single single deployment / container / pod in a namespace, refer to Deploy an application with CPU Memory limits using a YAML template file.


Before setting limits, you may want to view the pods Metrics in the OpenShift console to get a general idea the amount of memory and CPU being used by the pod.


A  JSON or YAML file that contains key value pairs used to create an object, such as a config map, deployment, a project, a pod, a route, a secret, a service, et cetera. These files are known as templates. The oc explain command can be used to get the list of keys that can be used in the JSON or YAML template file.

oc explain limitrange


And then more details on each key can be displayed.

oc explain limitrange.spec


For example, let's say you have a YAML file named limits.yml that contains the following markup.

apiVersion: v1
kind: LimitRange
  name: my-limits
    - type: Pod
        cpu: 20m
        memory: 1Gi
        cpu: 200m
        memory: 6Mi
    - type: Container
        cpu: 2
        memory: 1Gi
        cpu: 100m
        memory: 4Mi
        cpu: 300m
        memory: 200Mi
        cpu: 200m
        memory: 100Mi
        cpu: 10m


The oc apply or oc create command with the -f or --filename option can be used to create the limits using the template JSON or YAML file.

The oc replace command can be used to replace limits using a new or updated template JSON or YAML file.

The oc edit command can be used to update a limits template YAML file.

~]$ oc create --filename limits.yml
limitrange/my-limits created


The oc get limits command can be used to list the limits that have been created in the current project / namespace.

~]$ oc get limits
my-limits     2022-07-26T12:25:53Z


The oc describe limits command can be used to display more details about a limit.

  • requests - the minimum of CPU/memory that is reserved or allocated for the container
  • limits - the maximum amount of CPU/memory that can be used by the container
~]$ oc describe limits my-limits
Name:       my-limits
Namespace:  foo
Type        Resource  Min   Max  Default Request  Default Limit  Max Limit/Request Ratio
----        --------  ---   ---  ---------------  -------------  -----------------------
Pod         cpu       200m  2    -                -              -
Pod         memory    6Mi   1Gi  -                -              -
Container   cpu       100m  2    200m             300m           10
Container   memory    4Mi   1Gi  100Mi            200Mi          -


And in the OpenShift console, you should see a dotted line representing the limit. I tend to noticed that memory is never exceeded but CPU can be forgiving, where a pod may exceeded the max CPU limit.


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