PHP - Install PHP FPM on Docker

A Docker image contains the code used to create a Docker container, such as creating a Nginx web server, or a mySQL server, or a home grown app, and the list goes on. In this way, an image is like a template used to create a container. An image is kind of like a virtual machine, but much more light weight, using significantly less storage a memory (containers are usually megabytes in size).


The docker pull command can be used to pull down the latest php:fpm (PHP FastCGI Process Manager) image.

~]# docker pull php:fpm
fpm: Pulling from library/php
7d63c13d9b9b: Pull complete
24b15dfd3cfa: Pull complete
64625c2e355f: Pull complete
275a8dd8f358: Pull complete
81fbedc21ad7: Pull complete
b77455c8d23c: Pull complete
830945a67cf9: Pull complete
6e9a76abba82: Pull complete
ad9de84c1974: Pull complete
4499bfd4d562: Pull complete
Digest: sha256:8ddeb25c4775d62d9d10eed2d9fb30e028ce28033ef7775e5549e2d45062d975
Status: Downloaded newer image for php:fpm


If you need to add additional features, such as mysqli and pdo, create Dockerfile so that the Dockerfile contains something like this.

FROM php:fpm
RUN docker-php-ext-install mysqli pdo pdo_mysql && docker-php-ext-enable mysqli pdo_mysql


Then use the docker build command to create the image.

docker build . --tag php:fpm_mysqli_pdo


The docker images command can be used to display the php:fpm image.

~]# docker images
php          fpm          e1e7baffe8db   2 weeks ago   461MB

The following command can then be used to create and start the ngninx container. Let's break down this command.

  • The docker run command is used to create and start the php container.
  • The --detach flag is used to run the container in the background.
  • The --name option is used to name the container php.
  • The --publish option is used to configure both the Docker server and Samba container to listen on port 9000, which adds a rule to iptables to allow connections between the Docker system and container on port 9000.
  • The --restart unless-stopped option is used so that the container is started if the Docker server is restarted
  • The php:fpm image is us.
docker run --detach --name php-fpm --publish 9000:9000 --restart unless-stopped php:fpm


The docker container ls command can be used to ensure the container is running.

~]# docker container ls
CONTAINER ID   IMAGE    COMMAND                 CREATED        STATUS        PORTS                                       NAMES
71ed97f1b614   php:fpm  "docker-php-entrypoi…"  5 seconds ago  Up 4 seconds>9000/tcp, :::9000->9000/tcp   php-fpm


The docker logs command should return something like this.

~]# docker logs php-fpm
[08-Nov-2021 07:56:54] NOTICE: fpm is running, pid 1
[08-Nov-2021 07:56:54] NOTICE: ready to handle connections


The iptables command with the --list and --numeric options can be used to validate that connections are allowed to the PHP FPM container on port 9000.

~]# iptables --list --numeric
Chain INPUT (policy ACCEPT 110 packets, 9880 bytes)
 target     prot opt     source              destination
ACCEPT     all  --  tcp dpt:9000


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